“A Teacher can never truly teach unless he is still learning himself. A lamp can never light another lamp unless it continues to burn its own flame”
Teaching is the noblest profession on this globe as teachers have the power to shape the young generation towards the service of society. The society is not built by steel, bricks and machinery but with humans, their quality and character. A teacher plays vital role by giving education to the students and building their character. The word education is derived from the Latin word ēducātiō, which means “leading out.” Dr. S Radhakrishnan defined education as “Education is not the information but the knowledge that becomes wisdom.” He also stated that “Education is second birth of a person and teachers are the main reason behind this rebirth.”
To honor these hardworking teachers, UNESCO proclaimed 5 October to be World Teachers’ Day in 1994, celebrating the great step made for teachers on 5 October 1966, when a special intergovernmental conference convened by UNESCO in Paris adopted the UNESCO/ILO Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers, in cooperation with the ILO. Last year theme for teachers day was “Valuing Teachers, Improving their Status” which signified the philosophy of fifty-year old recommendation on status of teacher. This was the first teachers day after the adaptation of roadmap for “Education 2030 Framework for Action”, which was adopted in Incheon in 2015.
The crux of this roadmap is that by 2030, every child in world should be enrolled in schools and there should be gender equality in number of employed teachers for school. UNESCO has proposed that 3.2 million more teachers will be required for universal primary education and 5.1 million more will be needed to achieve universal lower secondary education across the globe by 2030. In order to achieve this goal, we need more teacher training center across the globe for quality teaching.
In India we celebrate Teacher’s Day on 5th September to commemorate the birthday of our second President Dr. S Radhakrishnan, a great teacher, philosopher, an able administrator, diplomat and a noble statesman. According to the folk fare, in 1962 students wanted Dr. S. Radhakrishnan to celebrate his birthday, when he became the second President of India. Known for his humble nature, he requested, “Instead of celebrating my birthday, it would be my proud privilege if September 5 is observed as Teachers’ Day.” Since then, his birthday has been observed as “Teacher’s Day”. On this day we pay our tribute to teachers who have helped us to evolve in life. India has been blessed that in her 70 years of Independence three great teachers have served her as the President or the Head of State namely Dr. S Radhakrishnan, Dr. Zakir Hussain and Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam.
This was just a background story about the teacher’s day celebration in India and world. In this series we will learn about the great teachers from Indian soil and their contribution in field of education. So at the end of this part I leave you with a quote from Plato on how a society will benefit if Philosophers are Kings.
“Until philosophers are kings or the kings and princes of this world have the spirit and power of philosophy, and political greatness and wisdom meet in one, and those commoner natures who pursue either to the exclusion of the other are compelled to stand aside, cities will never have rest from their evils”
Plato (from The Republic)